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God is my Rock: Have been Meteorites the Earliest Gods of Humanity?


In 1938, whereas the world’s deal with Hitler’s Nazi regime was firmly on the abhorrent actions they have been endeavor in Europe, a division of his notorious SS was concerned in an expedition to a far-off land. Led by the eminent zoologist Ernst Schäfer, below the auspices of the Ahnenerbe (Bureau for the Examine of Ancestral Heritage), the analysis group traveled to Tibet, on the time regarded by some as the unique supply of the Aryan race. It’s claimed that Schäfer’s group returned to Germany with quite a few sacred artifacts from the mysterious land, together with a gown believed to have been worn by the Dalai Lama himself. However none have been extra intriguing than a spiritual statue depicting what seemed to be the Tibetan god of the North, Vaisravana. The rationale? Carved throughout Vaisravana’ chest was a swastika image – and although the unique which means of this specific image was because the Tibetan Bön tradition’s designation of the solar, it could little doubt have been of nice curiosity to the Nazi expedition.

As World Warfare II broke out, the statue is claimed to have disappeared into the archives of a personal collector for the remainder of the century, till solely not too long ago re-emerging into public view in 2007. Then, in 2012, it made headlines around the globe when an investigation by scientists discovered that it was seemingly carved out of an historical iron meteorite that fell to Earth in Mongolia 15,000 years in the past (how may a headline like “Buddhist ‘Iron Man’ discovered by Nazis is from House” not go viral?).

Nazi space buddha

In line with the researchers, the truth that arduous, iron meteorites are an “inappropriate materials for producing sculptures” advised it was seemingly that whomever created it was “conscious of the excellent (extraterrestrial) nature of the article”. Iron from meteorites has been acknowledged in historical cultures around the globe as a sacred materials, and so it appears solely apt that it could be used to create a spiritual sculpture.

However whereas there have been some issues lately as as to if the ‘Nazi Iron Man from House’ would possibly truly be a contemporary forgery, it’s a identified proven fact that in historical cultures, meteorites weren’t simply sculpted into gods – however typically have been believed to be the gods themselves, fallen from the sky.

Rock Gods

Put your self within the thoughts of an historical particular person, with no trendy understanding of what the objects within the sky are. You’re minding your individual enterprise round your campfire at night time, when instantly a kind of mysterious star issues – suspected by some to be the gods themselves, watching over humanity from on excessive – falls from the sky, making thundering sounds and catching hearth. It lands close by, burying itself within the sand – and upon uncovering it, you discover a large chunk of iron. Would you assume it may be a god fallen to Earth?

The proof from historians all through the ages means that the reply to this query may be ‘sure’. Certainly, the twond century Christian theologian and historian Clement of Alexandria is claimed to have concluded, based mostly on quite a few historic accounts, that “the worship of such stones [is] the primary, and earliest idolatry, on the earth”.

The next examples of historic references to the worship of stones fallen from the sky are provided by Edward King in his 1796 ebook Remarks regarding stones mentioned to have fallen from the clouds, each in as of late and in antient occasions:

[T]he realized Greaves leads us to conclude that [the famous image of Diana at Ephesus was] nothing however a conical, or pyramidal stone, that fell from the clouds. For he tells us, on unquestionable authorities, that many others of the photographs of heathen deities have been merely such.

Herodian expressly declares that the Phoenicians had…a sure nice stone, round under, and ending with a sharpness above, within the determine of a cone, of black color. And so they report it to have fallen from heaven, and to be the picture of the solar.

So Tacitus says, that at Cyprus, the picture of Venus was not of human form; however a determine rising frequently spherical, from a bigger backside to a small prime, in conical trend. And it’s to be remarked, that Maximus Tyrius (who maybe was a extra correct mathematician,) says, the stone was pyramidal.

And in Corinth, we’re advised by Pausanias, that the photographs each of Jupiter Melichius, and of Diana, have been made (if made in any respect by hand) with little or no artwork. The previous being represented by a pyramid, the latter by a column.

A key level in figuring out these sacred stones as initially being meteorites is that they’re usually not merely referred to only as “fallen from heaven”, however are additionally generally described as being conical or pyramidal in form. A 1936 paper, “The Picture which Fell Down from Jupiter”, by C.C. Wylie and J.R. Naiden, discusses the picture of Venus at Cyprus famous above (“the picture of Aphrodite/Venus within the sanctuary at Paphos was merely a white cone or pyramid”) together with quite a few different circumstances of conical/pyramidal stones fallen from heaven and worshipped:

[T]he emblem of Astarte at Byblus was a cone; and the picture of Artemis (Diana) at Perga in Pamphylia was additionally a cone. We’re advised that the photographs of the solar god, Heliogabalus, at Emesa in Syria was a cone of black stone with small knobs on it, and that it seems on cash of Emesa. We’re advised that the sacred stone of Cybele introduced from Pessinus to Rome through the second Punic struggle was a small black rugged stone, however we have no idea whether or not it was of conical form. We’re additionally advised that conical stones, which have been apparently thought of sacred, have been discovered at Golgi in Cyprus, within the Phoenician temples at Malta, and within the shrine of the Mistress of Torquoise in Sinai.

Equally, black, conical stones have been mentioned to be commemorated within the temple of Heliopolis-Baalbek, whereas the Nabataean god Dushara was worshipped within the type of an obelisk or “an unhewn four-cornered blackstone”.

And whereas we not have bodily proof of those sacred stones – often called baetyl stones, and typically additionally as (or associated to) the sacred omphalos of historical occasions – to examine them first hand, as they’ve since been misplaced and destroyed, we don’t have to put our belief solely within the descriptions of historical historians to know their form, as the photographs of a lot of them are preserved for us on cash of the time that depicted them sitting inside temples.

This recurring pyramidal or conical high quality appeared to baffle the famend anthropologist James Frazer, who acknowledged that “the exact significance of such an emblem stays as obscure because it was within the time of Tacitus”. Nevertheless, it doesn’t appear as unusual as soon as we think about that this conical/pyramidal form is widespread in precise stones fallen from heaven – meteorites – attributable to passing via the ambiance in a secure orientation, which ends up in the main floor being flattened or rounded.

As Wylie and Naiden recommend:

These photos present that the stones have been the form of typical meteorites… It’s a well-known proven fact that the blunt cone is the most typical and typical form for meteorites. In primitive occasions, as now, an occasional meteorite was seen to really fall. The autumn from the sky was naturally considered miraculous, and the stone was usually positioned in a shrine. The clergymen advised the worshippers that this picture was not made with human arms, however that it fell from heaven.


Additional Affirmation?

The “sure nice stone” fallen from heaven talked about above that Herodian references was the ‘Black Stone of Elagabalus’ (or Heliogabalus). Elagabalus was the Phoenician native title for the Solar God at Emesa, the place there was a formidable temple devoted to the god, which contained a statue of the deity that wasn’t made by human arms, however as an alternative…

…was an unlimited stone, rounded on the base and coming to a degree on the highest, conical in form and black. This stone is worshipped as if it have been despatched from heaven; on it there are some small projecting items and markings which might be identified, which the folks wish to imagine are a tough image of the solar, as a result of that is how they see them.

The Black Stone would later be moved to Rome, after the temple priest Antoninus – on the age of simply fifteen – turned emperor of the Roman Empire “via the cash and intrigues of his grandmother, and the homicide of the Emperor Macrinus”. Nevertheless, the reign of Antoninus and his ‘rock god’ was reasonably quick:

To the nice disgust of the Roman Senate and folks, [Antoninus] introduced with him from Syria the picture of his god, the sacred stone, and himself continued earlier than it his priestly service with all its implausible types and gesticulations… He constructed one other temple within the suburbs of Rome, to which the Emesa stone was carried in procession yearly, whereas the populace have been entertained with video games, and reveals, and feastings and carousings.

Herodian thus describes this efficiency: ‘The god was introduced from town to this place in a chariot glittering with gold and valuable stones, and drawn by six massive white horses with out the least spot, fantastically harnessed with gold, and different curious trappings, reflecting quite a lot of colors. Antoninus himself held the reins – nor was any mortal permitted to be within the chariot; however all saved attendant round him as charioteer to the deity, whereas he ran backward, main the horses, along with his face to the chariot, that he might need a relentless view of his god…. The folks attended the solemnity, operating on all sides of the best way with tapers and flambeaux, and throwing down garlands and flowers as they handed.”

The reign of a silly boy at this era of Rome’s historical past was essentially a brief one, and on the age of eighteen the troopers killed him and let the Roman populace have the physique to pull via town streets. The worship of the Solar-god without delay ceased, and little doubt, the stone additionally was thrown away.

What’s attention-grabbing in regards to the accounts of the Black Stone – past it being conical – is its color (black surfaces are a standard function of meteorites, attributable to the scorching warmth generated as they journey via the Earth’s ambiance), and the truth that its floor was mentioned to be lined in “knobs”, and “small projecting items and markings”. Some researchers have advised that that is one other affirmation of the meteoritic nature of the ‘Black Stone’, as this description matches effectively with one other function of meteorites often called regmaglypts.

Regmaglypts are concave impressions on the floor of bigger meteorites which might be seemingly fashioned by vortices of sizzling fuel because the meteor passes via the Earth’s ambiance, giving them a knobby, eroded floor by the point they attain floor.

Meteorite with regmaglypts

This suggestion would possibly assist clarify one other instance of historical iconography that has usually baffled (or confused) anthropologists like James Frazer. For instance, the unique statue of Diana on the Temple at Ephesus (one of many historical wonders of the world; it was identified even to Greek historians of the twond century BCE that the sanctuary of the Temple of Ephesus was extraordinarily historical, with claims that the Amazons themselves initially arrange the worship of the goddess there) was additionally described by some as a stone fallen from heaven that was conical or pyramidal in form, suggesting it was a meteorite. It’s also talked about within the Christian New Testomony briefly (Acts of the Apostles 19:35), when the ‘city clerk’ of Ephesus notes that “town of the Ephesians is the guardian of the temple of nice Diana and of her statue that fell from heaven”.

Nevertheless, whereas trendy excavations of the temple space have did not recuperate the unique statue, later copies of it (from the 1st and a pair ofnd centuries CE) fabricated from stone, metallic and clay, and depictions on cash (dated to round 85 BCE), have been discovered elsewhere at Ephesus. These depictions present “a feminine, humanoid determine, standing erect along with her arms bent and held ahead, as if to carry loosely one thing staff-like vertically in every hand”. However the distinguishing imagery of this depiction of Diana is that “her higher torso was draped with a  collection of ovoid objects, usually in two or three horizontal rows. These have been interpreted as a number of breasts, eggs, fruits, baggage of votive choices, bull or human testicles.”

These statuettes and pictures on cash range within the totally different intervals, however agree on the necessities. In line with Frazer, they characterize the goddess with a mess of protruding breasts. The heads of animals of many varieties, each wild and tame, spring from the entrance of her physique in a collection of bands that reach from the breasts to the feets.

Researchers have advised that if this statue was the truth is a meteorite, that – just like the “small projecting items and markings” on the Black Stone mentioned above – this “multitude of projecting breasts” would possibly the truth is have initially been regmaglypts (evaluate the statue of Diana of Ephesus under to the earlier picture of the meteorite with regmaglypts).

Artemis of Ephesus with "multitude of projecting breasts" (Wouter Engler, CC by SA 4.0)
Artemis of Ephesus with “multitude of projecting breasts” (Wouter Engler, CC by SA 4.0)

The Iron Bones of the Gods of Egypt

The conical or pyramidal form ascribed to those historical objects ‘fallen from the sky’ additionally brings to thoughts one other sacred stone revered by the traditional Egyptians: the black, cone-shaped ‘Ben-Ben’ stone saved within the temple of Ra at Heliopolis. The influential Egyptologist E. A. Wallis-Budge made the connection within the 1920s, and others have made the comparability in subsequent a long time (moreover, G.A. Wainwright has argued that the sacred object of Amun commemorated at Thebes “gave many indicators of a meteorite”). On condition that the form of the Ben-Ben stone is assumed to have acted because the mannequin for the capstones discovered on a lot of Egypt’s well-known pyramids and obelisks, may or not it’s that the pyramids themselves have been initially constructed to imitate meteorites, the ‘gods fallen from the sky’?

The traditional Egyptians definitely knew about meteorites, and held them to be sacred. In 1922, when Howard Carter surprised the world along with his discovery of the still-intact ‘misplaced tomb’ of the Egyptian King Tutankhamun (18th dynasty; 14th century BCE), two daggers have been discovered inside the wrapping of Tut’s mummy: one with a blade of gold, the opposite with a blade fabricated from iron from a meteorite. And this wasn’t only a case of the Egyptians coming throughout an iron meteorite ‘rock’ and utilizing the unique materials with out realizing the extraterrestrial supply of the article, as their language particularly information that they have been conscious: the phrase bja n pt (“iron of the sky”) was used to explain this materials (given the dagger’s age, it’s sobering to do not forget that it was simply 300 years in the past that ‘trendy’ scientists have been debunking the concept that meteorites fell from the sky).

Dagger of King Tutankhamun

And round 2000 years earlier than Tutankhamun was buried along with his ‘extraterrestrial dagger’, on the very beginnings of historical Egyptian civilization (ca. 3300 BCE) iron beads produced from a meteorite have been utilized in a burial. In line with Joyce Tyldesley, an Egyptologist on the College of Manchester who studied the trinkets, that is but extra proof that “the sky was crucial to the traditional Egyptians”, and as such “one thing that falls from the sky goes to be thought of as a present from the gods”. And the truth that these objects fabricated from meteoritic iron have up to now largely been discovered solely in high-status graves means that this materials was very strongly related to royalty and energy.

Moreover, Campbell Value, a curator of Egypt and Sudan on the Manchester Museum has identified that through the time of the pharaohs, the gods have been believed to have bones fabricated from iron – and  speculated that meteorites could have impressed this perception, with “the celestial rocks being interpreted because the bodily stays of gods falling to Earth”.

Robert Bauval and Adrian Gilbert wrote in regards to the veneration and use of iron meteorites by the traditional Egyptians of their 1994 ebook The Orion Thriller (Bauval had, in earlier papers, already made the argument that the conical/pyramid form of the Ben-Ben stone could have been based mostly on the same form of oriented meteorites), and notice the numerous descriptions within the historical Pyramid Texts of the bones of the king as bja (iron) and their connection to the celebrities. As an example, in PT1454 we discover the passage “My bones are iron (bja) and my limbs are the imperishable stars.”

As these passages present, there was a perception that when the departed kings turned stars, their bones turned iron, the heavenly materials (meteorites) of which the star gods have been made. Such cosmic iron objects have been the one materials proof of a tangible land within the sky populated by star souls, and it was simple to see why the celebrities have been regarded as produced from bja. For the reason that souls of departed kings have been the celebrities, they too had bones fabricated from iron.

Apparently, a little bit identified truth in regards to the historical Egyptians is that they collected fossils of prehistoric animals – a number of tons of stays, consisting of hundreds of black, sand-polished bones, have been excavated from shrines devoted to the god Set. Some researchers have famous that these darkish, heavy, fossilised bones share a powerful visible similarity with desert-weathered iron meteorites, and as such have speculated that “they may very well be the supply of inspiration for the Pyramid texts reference to the ‘iron bones of gods’”.

Moreover, on condition that lots of the stays have been bones of the hippopotamus, and have been discovered at cult centres of the god Set – who was himself usually depicted in paintings as a hippopotamus – maybe we will see a potential connection right here with the ceremonial adze used through the ‘Opening of the Mouth’ ritual through the funerals of pharaohs. In line with Dr Bernd Scheel, an knowledgeable in historical Egyptian metal-working and instruments…

Iron was [a] metallic of legendary character…. In line with legend, the skeleton (ie. the bones) of Seth . . . was of Iron, [and] was utilized in specific for the manufacturing of protecting amulets and magic mannequin instruments which have been wanted for the ritual known as the ‘opening of the mouth’, a ceremony which was crucial to organize the mother of the deceased for all times after demise.

Opening of the mouth ceremony using adze
‘Opening of the mouth’ ceremony

So it’s price declaring that Egyptologists G.A. Wainwright and Samuel Mercer each observed that the adze used for opening the mouth was formed within the type of the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Main – which the Egyptians known as mshtyw (‘the thigh’), and which in Egyptian sky imagery was truly held by Set-as-hippopotamus. May this curious mixture of instruments made out of fallen stars, within the form of animal legs seen as constellations within the heavens, be a sign that the traditional Egyptians (mistakenly) thought the blackened, polished animal fossils they collected have been additionally fallen from the sky just like the blackened iron meteorites that they had discovered, and thus have been the sacred ‘iron bones’ of the sky gods themselves?

Equally, Robert Bauval has argued that the traditional Egyptians may additionally have confused – or at the very least, equated symbolically – black arduous stones corresponding to diorite, basalt and dark-grey granite with the “lustred, black look” of chunks of iron-meteorite, as “the resemblance may be uncanny”. This might clarify, he says, the usage of these supplies within the capstones of some pyramids:

Not surprisingly, black basalt was known as ‘Bja-Kam’ which means ‘black iron’, suggesting that basalt, and presumably comparable black arduous stones viz. diorite and darkish granite, have been related to meteoritic ironstone, and consequently to the ‘bones’ of star-gods. Most capstones of monumental pyramids have been in all probability fabricated from granite. The just about-black granite capstone of the pyramid of Amenemhet III within the Cairo museum is a advantageous instance of this. It was found in 1902 by Maspero, who remarked that its floor had been ‘mirror’ polished (“poli a miroir”). Such an outline is typical for the looks of a freshly fallen iron-meteorite. Amenemhet III’s capstone may effectively be the stylised man-made model of an oriented iron-meteorite symbolising his materialized star-soul.

Pyramidion capstones in the Cairo Museum (Ovedc, CC by SA 4.0)
Pyramidion capstones within the Cairo Museum (Ovedc, CC by SA 4.0)

Rockin’ All Over the World

Whereas lots of the examples given up to now are from historical areas across the Mediterranean, meteorite worship and use of meteoritic iron for making instruments and weapons seems to have been a worldwide phenomenon.

Within the New World there have been a number of examples of obvious veneration of rocks fallen from the sky. As an example, a big (1500kg) meteorite was present in a ruined temple at Casas Grandes in Mexico, in addition to a smaller iron meteorite that was wrapped and buried like a human mummy bundle, and mentioned to be “much like depictions and descriptions of the Aztec god Huitzilopochtli”. Different comparable finds within the Americas recommend this might need been some form of custom: in 1915, a dig at a pueblo-style dwelling at Camp Verde, Arizona, discovered a meteorite wrapped in a blanket of feathers in what seemed like a toddler’s burial cist below the ground; additional to the north, at Winona in Arizona, one other meteorite was present in an analogous stone cist beneath the ground of a dwelling.

In line with one researcher, the Pawnee (who it have to be famous have been initially from Nebraska, fairly a approach from the Arizona finds) named meteorites “the kids of Tirawhat” (their main deity), and that one legend foretold {that a} marvellous being known as Pahokatawa would in the future come from the sky within the type of a turtle-shaped stone. Meteorite historian Alastair McBeath has famous that “the regmaglyptic markings usually seen on bigger meteorites…may definitely give a patternation harking back to that seen on a turtle’s shell, whereas…a conical or lenticular kind, one thing like a turtle, wouldn’t be uncommon”. A similarly-shaped, 175kg meteorite was revered by the native tribes of Iron Creek in Alberta, Canada as a “medicine-stone”, and was identified by them to have fallen from the heavens.

The Cape York meteorite in Greenland, one of many largest iron meteorites on the earth, was a web site of pilgrimage for the Inuit of the area. The stays of a large meteor that collided with the Earth practically 10,000 years in the past are break up into a number of chunks, with Ahnighito (the Tent), weighing 31 metric tons; the Man, weighing about 20 metric tons; the Lady, weighing three tons; and the Canine, weighing 400 kilograms being among the many largest discovered. The Inuit would stroll for three days to succeed in the meteorites, and used them as a supply of iron for instruments and harpoons for hundreds of years – a lot so {that a} ‘rock wall’ consisting of hundreds of small stone boulders surrounded the meteorite named “Lady”, having been left there after working the extraterrestrial iron.

(Within the early 19th century tales about these large meteorites sparked quite a few expeditions by Westerners, and in 1894 Robert E. Peary ultimately discovered and eliminated quite a few them – promoting the items for $40,000 to the American Museum of Pure Historical past in New York Metropolis the place they’re nonetheless on show.)

Ahnighito meteorite
Ahnighito meteorite

There’s some proof that indigenous Australians additionally recorded meteor falls of their oral traditions, and regarded them as supernatural occasions. For instance, the standard title for the situation of the Henbury crater discipline (created by an influence occasion <4,700 years BP) within the Northern Territory is chindu china waru chingi yabu (roughly translated, “solar stroll hearth satan rock”). Indigenous astronomy researcher Duane Humacher notes that when a person named James M. Mitchell visited the positioning in 1921, his Aboriginal information…

…refused to go close to them, saying that it was a spot the place a fireplace “debil-debil” [devil] got here out of the sky and killed every little thing within the neighborhood. He visited the craters once more in 1934 and took one other Aboriginal information with him. The information mentioned Aboriginal folks wouldn’t camp inside two miles of the craters and even enterprise inside half a mile of them, describing them as a spot the place the fire-devil lived. He claimed they didn’t gather water that stuffed among the craters, fearing the hearth satan would fill them with a bit of iron.

In March 1932, an unnamed resident of the world undertook unbiased analysis and spoke to native Aboriginal elders. In line with the elders, all younger Aboriginal folks have been forbidden from going close to the craters. The elders described them because the place the place “a fiery satan ran down from the solar and made his house within the Earth”.

…The present proof signifies that Aboriginal folks witnessed the occasion, recorded the incident in oral traditions, and people traditions remained intact via the 1930s (and presumably later).

In Japan, a meteorite was mentioned to have been seen falling into the backyard of a Shinto shrine on Might 19, 861 in Nogata. This black-crusted meteorite has been saved on the shrine ever since in a small wood field with the date of its fall engraved on it. And in Krasnojarsk, Siberia, a meteoritic mass of round 700kg was reported by a traveller in 1771 to have been long-regarded by the Tartars of the area as “a holy factor fallen from heaven”.

One of many world’s main religions could actually have a strand of meteorite veneration inside it: many have claimed that the Islamic relic often called al-Hajaru al-Aswad (the ‘Black Stone’) – mentioned to have been given to Abraham by an angel, and set into the japanese nook of the Kaaba at Mecca by him – is a fraction of a meteorite. Described as being a fragmented, metallic black stone with “a silver-grey, fine-grained inside through which tiny cubes of a bottle-green materials have been embedded”, the Black Stone – in line with different tales – was additionally  mentioned to have been initially worshipped by the Nabateans who visited the Kaaba as a web site of pilgrimage within the pre-Islamic interval.

Nevertheless, given the sacred nature of the Black Stone, it has not been scientifically studied and so has by no means been confirmed to be meteoritic in origin. Moreover, as part of the tawaf ritual through the hajj pilgrimage, as Muslims circle the Kaaba many attempt to contact and kiss the Black Stone – and so its blackened, shiny floor could also be a consequence of human interplay (over centuries, involving thousands and thousands of individuals) reasonably than scorching by way of atmospheric friction because it fell to earth.

Whatever the nonetheless unknown origin of the Kaaba’s Black Stone nonetheless, even within the final 5 centuries there are quite a few accounts from around the globe of meteorites being commemorated or saved as sacred objects. In Ensisheim, Germany, a stone weighing practically 150kg fell from the sky on November I6, 1492. The Emperor Maximilian is claimed to have had the stone delivered to a close-by fort, “and a council of state was held to think about what message from heaven the stone fall had introduced them”. It will definitely discovered its method to the native church, the place it was hung with a strict command that it ought to stay there intact.

Woodcut illustrating the Ensisheim meteorite fall
Woodcut illustrating the Ensisheim meteorite fall

In Durala, India, when a 10kg meteorite fell on February 18, 1815, the native folks have been mentioned to have begun building of a particular temple over it attributable to its heavenly origin, till the East India Firm took possession of it and despatched it to the British Museum. And in Ogi, Hizen, Japan, two stones which fell in 1744 have been used for greater than 150 years within the temple to Shokujo on the competition of that goddess, as locals believed the stones had “fallen from the shores of the Heavenly River, or Milky Approach, after that they had been utilized by the goddess as weights to regular her loom” (one among these stones was additionally despatched to the British Museum).

And in case you assume that within the 21st century we’re effectively previous the ‘primitive’ concept that we might worship rocks fallen from the sky, it’s price declaring {that a} ‘Church of the Chelyabinsk Meteorite‘ was fashioned when the well-known 2013 bolide made information the world over after exploding over Russia, injuring 1600 folks. The founding father of the church, Andrey Breyvichko, has mentioned that he believes the meteorite incorporates ‘info’ that “will assist folks reside at a brand new stage of non secular information growth”. He (and his 50-or-so fellow believers) beseeched authorities handy over any items of the recovered meteorite to them, as they needed to accommodate them in a (still-to-be-built) temple in Chelyabinsk. Breyvichko acknowledged of the plan, “I feel it received’t harm Chelyabinsk to turn out to be a very holy metropolis, house to an incredible temple that would be the object of pilgrimage for thousands and thousands of individuals from the world over.”

Given the same accounts throughout the traditional world of temples housing sacred rocks fallen from heaven, it appears not that a lot has actually modified.

Title picture ‘Meteorite Evening‘ by Dimka, CC by 2.0



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